How does China's coal industry policy affect the m

2022-08-22
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How does China's coal industry policy affect the market

on August 22, the "2018 China international iron ore, coking coal and coke industry conference" hosted by Dalian Commodity Exchange was held in Shanghai. At the meeting, Dr. Liu Hong, from the energy system analysis and research center of the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, said that in the near future, the current policies and measures of the coal industry policy not only pay attention to giving full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, but also pay attention to giving full play to the role of the government in macro-control. The role of the coal industry policy on the market is generally positive, which is reflected in the production concentration, large-scale benefits The proportion of scientific production capacity has been increased, the loss rate of enterprises has been greatly reduced, and the coal price has become more reasonable

Liu Hong introduced that he reviewed the development process of China's coal industry policies, especially the industrial policies formulated after the coal industry gradually moved towards marketization. It can be said that the development and expansion of China's coal industry, as well as its support and contribution to the development of the national economy, especially in the process of market-oriented, modern and scientific development of the coal industry, the government's regulation and control policies have played a decisive role. The methods and forms of formulating policies have gradually changed from the administrative intervention policy in the past planned economy period to the market-oriented industrial policy, which is becoming more and more abundant

it is reported that the development of China's coal industry policy can be divided into five stages. The first stage: (1949-1978) the period from the founding of the people's Republic of China to the resumption of production before the reform and opening up (turbulent 30 years), the period of full resumption of production and standardized development, during which economic development has experienced historical events such as the "great leap forward", "three years of natural disasters", "ten years of turmoil"

the second stage: (1978-1992) transitional development period. The state still implements planned economic management for key state-owned coal enterprises. Township coal mines have developed rapidly with the support of agricultural research and Research on the key technologies of military and civil dual-use new materials and the innovative direction of new material products. Under the guidance of the idea of "water flowing quickly", the state has implemented the coal industry policy of "two together" ("large, medium and small coal mines together, the state, collectives and individuals together")

the third stage: (1993-2001) the period of market-oriented cultivation and development. The state promotes the market-oriented reform of coal, liberalizes coal prices, reforms the ordering system, and begins to establish a policy system based on the coal law

the fourth stage: (year) the period of conventional rapid development (golden decade period). 23 provinces, autonomous regions and cities across the country have successively raised the coal resource tax, promoted the reform of coal resource tax from ad valorem to ad valorem, strengthened the management of coal resources, reformed the coal ordering system, promoted the coal electricity price combined transport mechanism, and adjusted the coal export tax rate

the fifth stage: (2013 present) transformation and upgrading development period. After 2013, in view of the prominent contradictions and problems in the development of the coal industry under the new economic situation, And from "Resolving excess capacity, curbing the disorderly growth of coal output, effectively reducing the burden on enterprises, regulating coal import and export, improving the enterprise assessment mechanism and strengthening financial support, promoting the clean production and utilization of coal, transformation and upgrading, mergers and acquisitions, coal self revolution and other aspects, and taking multiple measures at the same time, we have formulated a set of combined industrial policies.

industry insiders pointed out that, of course, the role of policies in various periods There are big and small applications, and inevitably there have been some problems and drawbacks

some scholars also believe that since the 1980s, China's coal industry policy has changed several times to increase the consumption of CPE, but coal supply and demand, coal price, safe production, export-oriented, clean and efficient have always been the goals of China's coal industry policy regulation, and also the key issues that China needs to consider in formulating new coal industry policies in the future. Through the empirical analysis method, the research results show that China's coal industry policy has a significant effect in regulating coal output, coal safety production and coal export quantity, but has a poor effect in regulating coal prices and labor productivity of the coal industry

it is worth noting that there is great controversy, especially in the formation mechanism of coal price

in addition, what are the policy trends of the coal industry in 2018

Liu Hong pointed out that first, the goal of capacity reduction is more clear, with systematic capacity reduction and structural optimization. In the early stage of resolving capacity, the coal industry reduced new capacity by stopping approval, reducing and reducing replacement, and embodied the characteristics of total amount control by accelerating the elimination of excess existing capacity that is backward and does not conform to industrial policies and poor technical resources. By clarifying the local exit rules, accelerating the exit of below standard, illegal and substandard coal mines and other measures, we will systematically exit excess capacity, and ensure coal supply by releasing advanced capacity, which generally reflects the characteristics of systematic capacity reduction and excellent structure

the second is to loosen the policy of removing production capacity, release advanced and high-quality production capacity, and promote the balance between supply and demand. The policy of resolving excess capacity is being actively adjusted. The de capacity policy or the national specification of instruments for supply by supply is a step "deregulation" taken only two years ago. The coal de capacity policy is moving towards promoting stability and ensuring supply to maintain the smooth operation of the coal market. According to the policies released this year, the main work of capacity reduction in the future is to deal with "zombie enterprises", gradually and orderly withdraw from coal mines below the local scale, eliminate ineffective and inefficient supply, make room for high-quality capacity, and force backward and low-quality capacity to withdraw through the development of high-quality capacity

third, optimize the development layout, enhance transportation capacity, and ensure regional coal supply. We will strengthen the construction of advantageous production capacity of large coal bases in the north, appropriately raise the production capacity withdrawal standard in the south, and speed up the withdrawal of coal mines below Designated Size in the south. The railway corporation has also actively implemented the national requirements of "increasing railway transportation volume" and accelerated the construction of railway transportation channels. It plans to increase the molding sand and binder on castings by 33 million tons per year. The railway transportation volume should be carefully eliminated by 150 million tons, including 20million tons of Shuohuang line, 20million tons of Daqin line, million tons of Wari line and 27million tons of Mengji line, so as to ensure the regional coal supply

fourth, reduce costs, stabilize coal prices, and achieve poverty relief and development. The transformation of new and old kinetic energy in China needs cheap energy as the support for transformation, while coal, as the basic resource of China's national economy and the basic plate of energy supply, should not be too high; At the same time, the coal industry has limited preferential space for taxes and fees. De capacity also involves personnel resettlement, debt disposal, asset disposal and other issues. The coal industry is affected by many factors at the same time, and there are still many difficulties in reducing costs in the industry in the short term. To achieve the development of the industry out of difficulties, we need to rely on a certain coal price. Therefore, in the future, policies may be issued to expand high-quality production capacity while de capacity, Maintain the coal price in a reasonable range

it is worth noting that the impact of environmental protection policies on the supply and demand side of the coke market cannot be ignored. Since the supply side reform in 2016, the supply and demand of the coal, coke and steel industry market has changed, and the prices and benefits have improved significantly. However, at present, there is still a serious overcapacity industry in the country. In 2018, the coke price fluctuated greatly, and the homogenization competition was serious. The supervision of coking environmental compliance will affect the adjustment layout of market supply and demand

"Coal, steel and other four industries have completely cancelled the power generation and utilization plan, and took the lead in realizing the market-oriented trading of electricity. In order to deepen the reform of the power system, fully restore the attributes of electricity commodities, and straighten out and open up the price marketization formation mechanism of electricity and its upstream and downstream industries. Power users will participate in the market trading of all electricity, and meet the power demand through the market. The coal and coke industry must strengthen capacity-building and be prepared to adapt to the changes in the market environment." Liu Hong said

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